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British Imperialist Exploitation of India-Some Essential Links

British Imperialist Exploitation of India Some Essential Links Amiya Kumar Bagchi Aspects of Indo-British Economic Relations 1858-1898 by A K Banerji; Oxford University Press, Bombay, 1982, pp xviii + 255,

Technology Factor in Imperial Conquest and Control

not added any new information or argument to substantiate that Tipu Sultan envisaged "conversion as a solution to the problem of successfully ruling Malabar". He believes that con- versions were "substantial enough to pursuade law numbers of upper castes to abandon their hemes and lands, some never to return". The example cited is that of Parapanangadi Raja whose "house stands deserted to the present day". That several local chieftains and their subordinates fied to Travancore and Cochin is undisputa- ble; however, it is equally true that several others remained in Malabar, accepting the suzerainty of the Sultan. That Tipu's political management was not necessarily based on the social engineering of religious conversion is borne out by his attitude towards Mappila rebels like Athan Moyan Kurikkal, one of Tipu's own revenue officials. When the Kurikkal attacked and destroyed a temple owned by the Raja of Manjeri, Tipu came to the rescue of the latter and the Kurikkal and his son were captured and imprisoned at Seringapatanam. If the Raja of Parapanangadi had to flee due to fear of religious conversion, it is unlikely that the Raja of Manjeri could remain a Hindu and still receive the protection of Tipu from one of the latter's co-religionists. The reason for Hindu chieftains leaving or not leaving Malabar in all probability was political and not religious.

Public Seetor Industry and Quest for Self-Reliance in India

This paper raises the question whether the Indian economy can attain a much higher rate of grouth in the long run without running into severe problems of technological dependence, if not balance of payments crises, and discusses the role of public sector industry in this context. The public sector in Indian industry has gro vn as much through the default of the private sector as by the design of gpvernment policy-makers. However, its development has not been adequate for (a)attaining a reasonnably high rate of growth of manufacturing industry, (b) ensuring a high rate of expansion of manufacturing employment and thereby initiating a change in the occupational structure, (c)reducing the degree of inequality in the development of large-scale industry as between the few advanced enclaves and the -vast territory which continues to be empty of my large-scale plants, (d) acting as a force for reducing income disparities among the people, and (e) rendering India technologically more self-reliant.

Daniel Thorner s India

Daniel Thorner's India Amiya Kumar Bagchi The Shaping of Modern India by Daniel Thorner; Published for Sameeksha Trust by Allied Publishers, New Delhi, 1980; pp xviii + 404, Rs 125.

Return to a Neoclassical Prison

Return to a Neoclassical Prison Amiya Kumar Bagchi Causality in Economics by John Hicks; Oxford, Basil Blackwell, THE profession of economics is divided into several camps by ideological divisions. The divisions are so deep that the scientific practice of one camp appears to be ritualistic mumbo-jumbo to another. From time to time, there is open warfare between the camps; these are not just verbal combats, for, people lose Jobs and go to prison, or are exiled for their beliefs.

Formulating a Science and Technology Policy-What Do We Know about Third World Countries

What Do We Know about Third World Countries Amiya Kumar Bagchi Those who manage science policy have almost completely ignored the sources of innovation and have thought of it as something induceable by a financial allocation and a bureaucratic fiat. This has not been simply a wrongheaded or futile attempt to overcome the colonial heritage. By placing the cart before the horse, these policies have in fact often helped to perpetuate the technological dependence of the economy on advanced capitalist countries.

Export-Led Growth and Import-Substituting Industrialisation

Industrialisation Amiya Kumar Bagchi Both the import substitution and export-led strategies of industrialisation come up against the contradictions of a class-riven retarded society. A ery large fraction of the poor remain outside the purview of stimulation sought to be provided by these strategies, both on the demand and on the production sides.

Cropsharing Tenancy and Neoclassical Economics

Amiya Kumar Bagchi IN this note I shall take up the analytical issues involved in the debate between Bardhan and Srinivasan (B-S) and myself in the hope that the sources of disagreement will be clear to everybody except the hardened partisan.

Some Implications of Unemployment in Rural Areas

Rural Areas EVER since the concept of 'surplus labour' in agriculture was introduced, it has had an extremely eventful life. Sometimes it has been blown up so as to measure the whole economic distance, between tan optimally organised agriculture (with an optimal size of population also thrown in sometimes) on the one hand, and the actual situation of agriculture at any moment of time, on the other.1 Sometimes its very existence has been denied.2 Direct observation has been father rare in the field, both because such observation was often difficult and because the effort was not considered sufficiently glamorous3 Consequently both the defenders and the enemies of the notion of the existence of surplus labour in underdeveloped countries, tend to resort to implicit theorising on a grand scale.

Some International Foundations of Capitalist Growth and Underdevelopment

Growth and Underdevelopment Amiya Kumar Bagchi We have long known that capitalism is a world-wide system; we have also known that capitalism released new sources of productivity growth in human society, or that it enabled man to have greater control over nature.

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