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Opinion or Facts?

Opinion or Facts? EGS in Madhya Pradesh AMITA SHARMA, R GOPALAKRISHNAN This is a response to the lead article on

Idea of Education

Educational systems, implicitly or explicitly, reflect a philosophical vision. Interpretations of the self, mind and world based on such vision influence socio-cultural norms and relations. It also leads to theorisation, which when formulated into principles of action to understand the world become ideologies. All educational systems carry the germ of some ideology. This paper suggests that there are two broad epistemological premises that determine the structure of knowledge, meaning and truth. One that believes that reality is material and governed by laws that the human mind can understand; the other premise asserts the inherent creative principle of the human mind and that knowledge itself is in part constructed of sensory data and perception. Since it is never completely possible to move behind an epistemic frame, reform initiatives, especially in education, should question whether processes of reform will really ensure transformation of relationships on more equal terms or will they reinforce dependency and hierarchy.

Education Guarantee Scheme

Education Guarantee Scheme What Does It Claim? R Gopalakrishnan Amita Sharma RAHUL (EPW, January 9, 1999) challenges what he terms

Education Guarantee Scheme in Madhya Pradesh-Innovative Step to Universalise Education

Innovative Step to Universalise Education R Gopalakrishnan Amita Sharma The success of the Education Guarantee Scheme (EGS), initiated by the government of Madhya Pradesh last year, has few lessons to teach. In sharp contrast to the all round failure of the centrally planned schemes for universalisation of primary education, the EGS, which guarantees primary schooling facility on a demand from a community lacking it, has proved not only cost-effective hut has reached hitherto unreached sections of society in quickest possible time without compromising any of the basic requirements for quality. Moreover, by making the community and the gram panchayat the nodal points in executing the scheme, the EGS forges partnership between state governments, panchayats and communities, thus destroying the distinction between supply agency of the government and demand agency of the people, an idea that has hindered the spread and quality of primary education.
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