ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Amaresh DubeySubscribe to Amaresh Dubey

Has Growth Been Socially Inclusive during 1993-94 - 2009-10?

This paper examines the changes in poverty incidence and monthly per capita expenditure in India using the National Sample Survey's unit record data of three rounds, 1993-94, 2004-05 and 2009-10. The changes in poverty and growth in MPCE have been measured for major socio-religious and economic groups in both rural and urban sectors. This is complemented by the decomposition of the change in the incidence of poverty into the growth and distribution components. The results indicate that the poverty rate has declined at an accelerated rate during 2004-05 - 2009-10 for all socio-religious household groups. Growth has been more poverty reducing at an aggregate level during the period 2004-05 - 2009-10 as compared to 1993-94 - 2004-05. However, some groups benefited more than the others from poverty reduction. Inequality has also begun to adversely affect poverty reduction, particularly in the urban sector.

Caste in 21st Century India: Competing Narratives

Recent debates regarding inclusion of caste in 2011 Census have raised questions about whether caste still matters in modern India. Ethnographic studies of the mid-20th century identified a variety of dimensions along which caste differentiation occurs. At the same time, whether this differentiation translates into hierarchy remains a contentious issue as does the persistence of caste, given the economic changes of the past two decades. Using data from a nationally representative survey of 41,554 households conducted in 2005, this paper examines the relationship between social background and different dimensions of well-being. The results suggest continued persistence of caste disparities in education, income and social networks.

Intra-State Disparities in Gujarat, Haryana, Kerala, Orissa and Punjab

There is a large body of literature that highlights growing inter-regional disparities in India. However, intra-state disparities have not elicited similar attention, primarily due to the non-availability of comparable data at the sub-nss region level. This paper uses nss consumption expenditure survey data for two recent quinquennial rounds to calculate comparable welfare indicators and indices of inequality at the district level in five states. The data show that intra-state disparities are also increasing. From the policy point of view, intra-state disparities need the same kind of attention that rising inter-state inequalities have attracted in recent times.

Poverty, Disparities, or the Development of Underdevelopment in Orissa

The extent and nature of disparities within Orissa, particularly regional, social and gender disparities, needs no emphasis. Drawing on concepts of social exclusion, and on both quantitative and qualitative evidence, this article looks at poverty in its multidimensional nature, ranging from income poverty to human development indicators of health and education, and assesses the social processes responsible for deprivation, including those relating to discrimination, voice and representation.
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