ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Articles by Alka AcharyaSubscribe to Alka Acharya

A Still Moment in a Volatile Situation

The rise of the Sino-Indian relationship was essentially a political phenomenon. Its fall came when the political climate soured. Its revival, if it is to occur, will have to recover that lost political ground. Precisely for that reason, Li Peng's visit last year and Zhu Rongji's recent visit have yielded very little. It would appear that the Chinese, very much like the Americans, are at a loss when it comes to understanding south Asia. They seem to be, like the Americans, far more comfortable dealing with Pacific Asia.

Li Peng's India Visit:Ritual and Reality

Amidst the 'before' and 'after' of Li Peng's visit and the omissions and commissions of the rhetorical exercises, the impression is unmistakable that Sino-Indian relations are not moving at the pace they could or ought to.

A China Diary

Two decades of decentralisation measures initiated by Beijing have provided the provinces of China with a marked degree of autonomy in economic decision-making. Impressions of a visit to Shanghai and Kunming.

'Irresistible Attraction' and Implacable Reality

The sobriety that marked president K R Narayanan's visit to China has gone a long way in emphasising both the limits and the possibilities of a relationship that is so vital and central to India's bilateral, regional and global concerns.

Two Eras and After

The legacy of the last 50 years of the People's Republic of China comprises two decades of revolutionary mass mobilisation; two decades of reforms, a 'lost decade' in between. Seemingly, there can be no turning back. But, as the Chinese continue to hurtle on the Dengist road of market reforms, sometime, somewhere, they will have to pause and figure out exactly where they are headed.

Sino-Indian Relations since Pokhran II

India-China relations deteriorated after India's nuclear explosions. China feels that the onus lies with India to make good the damage done. India expects China to be more sensitive to its security and strategic concerns. It is possible for the two countries to temporarily shelve problems which are intractable and improve bilateral relations by other means.

CHINA-Leading the Region and Leading the World

Leading the Region and Leading the World Alka Acharya China's preoccupation with economic growth notwithstanding, the role that the country sees for itself is not confined to achieving that agenda alone. The Foreword to the 'White Paper on China's National Defence', released in July, acknowledges that "it is the aspiration of the Chinese government and people to lead a peaceful, stable and prosperous world into the new century".

CHINA-Consensus for Reform and Reforming the Consensus

the Communist Party of China (CPC) which opened on September 12, 1997 was both significant and predictable and both in two respects each. Its significance arises first and foremost from the fact that this was the first Congress, since the epoch-making Third Plenum of 1978 when China changed course, without the paramount leader Deng Xiaoping, and it is the deliberations and decisions of this Congress which would be carrying China forward into the next century. Deng's contribution and role, however, was duly recognised, eulogised and enshrined as the guiding ideology of the CPC as 'Deng 'Xiaoping theory'which represents the PRC's orientation and image. This 'theory', as described in general secretary Jiang Zemin's Report is the Marxism of present day China and heralds a new stage of development of Marxism in China, which would help settle the destiny of socialism. The delegates to the Congress some of them at any rate have hailed this Congress as "another milestone in the history of the CPC", the historic parallel being the Seventh National People's Congress of 1945, which established 'Mao Zedong thought' as the guiding ideology, in that both these events, at their respective points in history, sought and succeeded in breaking with "the inclination of dogmatising Marxism-Leninism". Deng Xiaoping thus takes his rightful place in the pantheon the CPCs guide to action is now 'Marxism- Leninism, Mao Zedong thought and Deng Xiaoping theory\ This semantic distinction between 'zhuyi' (specifically used to translate 'ism' but broadly defined as 'ideology'), 'sixiang' (thought) and Milun' (theory), which the Chinese have always made, now requires a significant overhaul in view of the status accorded to Deng's contribution 'Deng Xiaoping lilun'. The essential understanding of 'Mao Zedong sixiang' was clarified in the early fifties and has not undergone any change, notwithstanding "Mao's mistakes" and the 1981 official assessment of his role. The thought of Mao Zedong was described as "one which united the universal truths of Marxism-Leninism with the practice of revolution and construction in China". A distinction was thus made by way of 'pure' ideology, implying universal truths and there fore universally applicable, viz, Marxism-Leninism,and 'practical' ideology, or practice within a certain context, i e, China, hence Mao Zedong thought. With Deng Xiaoping theory, we come to a new category, for at first glance it would seem to encompass elements of both pure and practical ideology; not only did it succeed in breaking away from the stifling effect of dogmatism in an entirely new and transformed objective reality, but also was highly effective in transforming the existing conditions and constituting a critical link between theory and action.

Jiang Zemins India Visit

Alka Acharya The almost exclusive focus, in our response to Jiang Zemin's presidential visit to this country, on the power equation and on China-Pakistan nuclear and missile collaboration and its implications for India and, correspondingly, the neglect of the commercial and economic potential of India-China relations all these reflect our lack of a coherent, lone-term China Policy.

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