ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Krishna Raj: Tributes

Relationships Krishna Raj nurtured an abiding intellectual relationship between the EPW and the researchers at RBI without compromising the journal

Household as a First Stage in a Study of Urban Working-Class Women

of Urban Working-Class Women Alice Thorner Jyoti Ranadive The main purpose of the study on which this paper is based is to explore the lives of working-class women in a major Indian industrial city. We have tried to understand just how girls brought up in the villages and brought abruptly to Bombay at the time of their marriage (sometimes a few years before, more typically a relatively short time after) adapt to urban ways. We have enquired into the ways in which living in the city, in physical conditions quite different from those to which they are accustomed in the countryside, speaking other languages, have influenced their behaviour and their ideas.

Family Strategies and Small-Scale Enterprises in Ex-Colonial Cities

Family Strategies and Small-Scale Enterprises in Ex-Colonial Cities Alice Thorner Towards a Political Economy of Urbanisation in Third World Countries by Helen I Safa (editor); Oxford University Press, Delhi, 1982;

Semi-Feudalism or Capitalism-Contemporary Debate on Classes and Modes of Production in India

Contemporary Debate on Classes and Modes of Production in India Alice Thorner For over a dozen years Indian and foreign marxists have been arguing with passion, subtlety and an abundance of statistics about the existing mode of production in Indian agriculture or, more broadly, in India. There have been proponents of capitalism, pre-capitalism, semi-feudalism, colonial and post- colonial modes, and recently, a dual mode.

Semi-Feudalism or Capitalism-Contemporary Debate on Classes and Modes of Production in India

For over a dozen years Indian and foreign marxists have been arguing with passion, subtlety and an abundance of statistics about the existing mode of production in Indian agriculture or, more broadly, in India. There have been proponents of capitalism, pre-capitalism, semi-feudalism, colonial) and post-colonial modes, and recently, a dual mode.

Semi-Feudalism or Capitalism-Contemporary Debate on Classes and Modes of Production in India

Semi-Feudalism or Capitalism? Contemporary Debate on Classes and Modes of Production in India Alice Thorner For over a dozen years Indian and foreign marxists have been arguing with passion, subtlety and an abundance of statistics about the existing mode of production in Indian agriculture or, more broadly, in India. There have been proponents of capitalism, pre-capitalism, semi-feudalism, colonial and post- colonial modes, and recently, a dual mode.

Excerpts from an FBI File

Alice Thorner UNDER the Freedom of Information Act passed during Carter's presidency, US citizens acquired the right to request copies of their own FBI files. The procedure was

New Deal in France

 New Deal in France Alice Thorner THE election on May 10 of the Socialist candidate, Francois Mitte- rand, may well prove to be a turning point in French political history. Mitterand becomes the first leftwing president of the Fifth Republic, the state set up by General de Gaulle after his return to power by coup in 1958. Constitutionally the president is directly responsible for policy; it is he who names the members of the cabinet as well as the prime minister. The socialist victory shows for the first time that alternation is possible in the current French framework. Many had come to doubt the possibility that the conservatives, under one name or another (Gaullists, Centrists, Republicans), could ever be dislodged. This is one of the reasons why the jubilation on the left and, indeed, on the part of many not committed to either the Socialist or Communist position, was particularly heartfelt.

Nehru, Albert Mayer, and Origins of Community Projects

of Community Projects Alice Thorner The first community development project, launched in Etowah district of 'Uttar Pradesh in 1948, was essentially the brain-child of cm enthusiastic American, Albert Mayer, whose background was urban rather than rural or agricultural, and whose acquaintance with India was limited. How did Nehru come to entrust so great a responsibility to a man whom he had never met before 1945 and whose qualifications were so slight?, Did Nehru see in Mayer's suggestions for improving the livelihood and the life of the villages as a whole a hope for holding off a brutal challenge to the status quo on the part of the village have-nots? Did he, in those hopeful years, believe that land reform legislation would soon remove the most glaring inequalities and that it "was essential to procure a respite from violent confrontation until these laws could be passed and implemented?

PARIS- Season for Discontent

October 7, 1967 Chief Minister with reports that the Communists had decided to obstruct the sale of paddy by the peasantry to the government and its agencies, The Chief Minister then announced to his party colleagues his decision to break the present United Front and go back to the Congress as a full-fledged member. And the news was leaked to the Press.

How to Use the 1961 Census Working Force Data

No one need have been surprised when the 1961 Census, in which very great pains were taken to count the contribution to the national effort of each and every worker throughout the Indian Union, produced a higher proportion of economically active persons than the 1951 Census, in which emphasis had been laid on the pernicious concept of "means of livelihood."* Nor should there be any great difficulty in interpreting or utilising the 1961 Census working force data.
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