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WEST BENGAL- Erosion of Left Front s Traditional Base

WEST BENGAL Erosion of Left Front's Traditional Base Ajit Roy UNLIKE the Lok Sabha elections in 1971 and 1980 when the so-called Congress(I) wave had been stemmed at the borders of West Bengal, the Congress(I) has scored significant successes in this state this time. Though by contesting all the 42 seats, it has won only in 16, compared with four only in the last elections, it has increased its share of votes by nearly 12 percentage points. It has humbled many CPI(M) and other Left Front stalwarts including Samar Mukherji, Politbureau member, leader of the CPI(M) group in Lok Sabha and also the general secretary of the Centre of Indian Trade Unions (CITU) the central trade union body of the party, Satyasadhan Chakravarty, deputy leader of the CPI(M) group in Lok Sabha, Sunil Maitra, chairman of the Public Accounts Committee of Parliament during the last term, besides Tridib Chaudhuri and Chitta Basu, general secretaries of the RSP and Forward Bloc respectively. Many of these veterans have been defeated by large margins of votes, after the wiping out of the heavy surpluses they had achieved in the previous poll, in some cases, it is relatively unknown and young Con- gress(I) nominees who have humbled the Left Front veterans.

The Failure of Indira Gandhi

The Failure of Indira Gandhi Ajit Roy INDIRA Gandhi's death is a tragedy in more than the apparent senses; it really reflects the more fundamental tragedy of the post- Independence developments in India. The circumstances that led to the heinous crime on October 31 have their roots in the frustrations and contradictions of the Nehru era, and, Indira Gandhi essentially continued the Nehru line, with of course, significant variations in the modalities. The fundamental objective of both Jawaharlal and Indira was the modernisation of the country

WEST BENGAL- Crucial Time for CPI(M)

Government's indebtedness to the banking sector at Rs 1,492 crore was smaller 'ban the Rs 2,240 crore recorded in 1982-83The expansion in Reserve Rank credit to government was at a slower pace upto December 1983; subsequently there was a buoy- ancy and as much as 57 per cent of the total expansion during the year took place in the year's last quarter. Credit expansion was considerably below the ceiling agreed to with the IMF.

Indian Development-A Different Soviet View

 term 'community' would be helpful, as it is used at a number of different levels in these essays. The study of the Bombay textile workers is highly suggestive, but it lacks the precision of focus on working class culture seen in the writings of Dipesh Chakrabarty on the jute-workers of Calcutta. In fact, Kumar is only too well aware (p 58) of the problem involved in understanding popular culture and consciousness, and he calls for studies of the quality of those carried by Oscar Lewis in Mexico, It is a pity, perhaps, that he himself did not follow this suggestion up. His belief that peasant jacqueries are spontaneous outbursts (p 215) needs to be modified after the appearance of Ranajit Guha's monograph, "Elementary Aspects of Peasant Insurgency in Colonial India", which shows that from the peasant's own point of view there is nothing 'spontaneous' about such revolts. At times, Kumar uses rather elitist language, as on page 68, where he says that 'King Mob ruled over the city' (of Bombay) and 'primitive passions' were set loose. Why, one wonders, is it 'primitive' for workers to attack with ferocity those whom they see as their exploiters? Where the police also guilty of giving vent to their 'primitive passions' when they suppressed the rioters with lathis unci bullets?

WEST BENGAL-Bandh To What Purpose

WEST BENGAL Bandh: To What Purpose? Ajit Roy ENDORSING a proposal originally mooted by the CPI(M), the Left Front in West Bengal has given a call for a statewide bandh on September 28, 1983. The bandh is designed to press for three groups of demands. These are: (i) remedy of 'grave injustice' meted out to this state, (ii) realignment of Union- state relations, and (iii) concession of the 18-point charter, previously formulated and popularised by the Front. To mobilise mass support behind the bandh call, the State Committee of the CPI(M) has brought out a 44-page booklet in Bengali with a preface by Saroj Mukherji, successor to the late Promode Dasgupta in the leadership of the party. The booklet presents a formidable array of statistics, a large part of which has been elicited through questions in Parliament.

WEST BENGAL-Panchayat Elections-Class Mobilisation without Class Struggle

 WEST BENGAL Panchayat Elections Class Mobilisation without Class Struggle Ajit Roy AS the polling figures far the recently held three-tier elections for the pan- chayats in West Bengal are yet to be available, no clear picture of shifts that may have taken place in the alignment of voters can be pieced to- gether at the moment; but the distribution of seats among parties undoubtedly points to considerable setbacks to the CPI(M) and its Left Front partners, compared with the results of the previous panchayat elections held in 1978. Although the CPI(M) alone has captured as before a majority of the total seats embracing the three tiers of 'gram panchayats'. 'panchayat samities' and 'Zila Pari- shads', its tally in the grand total of 54,192 seats, results for which have so far been declared, is 29,566 or 54.56 per cent, compared with 34,189 or 61.16 per cent out of the grand total of 55,902 in 1978. The Left Front as a whole has got 33,070 seats or 61.13 per cent of the total this time, compared with 39,112 or 60.97 per cent

Revolution by Consent Indian Case Study

Ajit Roy The transfer of power that took place in India on August 15, 1947 was no simple affair. Indeed, it was so complex and complicated that even Marxists (who can legitimately lay claim to deeper insight into socio-historical processes) in India and abroad took nearly a decade to arrive at firm conclusions about India's attainment of political independence.

WEST BENGAL-Clear Choice

the CPI(M) has evidently built up a well-oiled electoral machine. Within four or five days after the Election Commission's formal announcement of the polls, the party was able to glide smoothly into a statewide campaign. It started with closed door meetings of party members and moved on to mass campaigns

CPI(M)-Unity Based on Flabby Thoughts

 CPI(M) Unity Based on Flabby Thoughts Ajit Roy VIEWED from a restricted perspective, the Eleventh Congress of the CPI(M), hold at Vijaywada in Andhra Pradesh in the last week of January 1982, was an impressive affair. The assembly truly represented the heritage of the revolutionary struggles of the Indian people: of the.. 548 delegates and 44 observers, drawn from literally every part of the country and including thief ministers, MPs, MLAs and members of other representative bodies, 464 participants had spent time in prisons; 154 of them three years or longer.

Caricature of Marxism

Caricature of Marxism Ajit Roy "EVER since the First World War';, says the blurb of the book, "socialists have inevitably considered imperialism a calamity: responsible for militarism, economic stagnation, and assaults on democracy in the metropolitan countries, an impediment to economic, social and cultural development in the Third World...Bill Warren breaks with this traditional, outlook, arguing that the theory of imperialism, one of Marxism's most influential concepts, is not only contradicted by the facts but has diluted and distorted Marxism itself, transform- ins its very character." Indeed, the author himself argues that "substantial, accelerating and even historically unprecedented improvements in the growth of productive capacity and material welfare of the mass of the population have occurred in the Third World in the post-war period. Moreover, the developing capitalist societies of Asia, Africa and Latin America have proved themselves increasingly capable of generating powerful internal sources of economic expansion and achieving an ever more independent economic and nolitical status" (p 189), In order to bolster up this thesis, he visualises the prospects of a rise in the bargaining power of the LDCs, growing interdependence of multinationals and LDCs and beneficial role of private foreign investments in the LDCs (pp 167-83).

Missing the Real Villains

welfare of the Malabar peasantry the government should legislate statutory tenures curtailing the unbridled powers of the landlords and protecting the neglected interests of the actual cultivators by giving them permanent occupancy rights.

WEST BENGAL- Municipal Elections

policy pursued by the authorities. First, the liquidity and the potential liquidity in the markets are so enormous that no monetary measures, however stringent they may be, can touch anywhere beyond the fringe of the financial markets. The innovation and 'sophistication' of the market mechanism and the multiplicity of the credit instruments have gone to such an extent that any institution, with a name and ability to drum up a favourable credit report in the market (which is not difficult), can transform its entire credit requirements into an actual credit instrument through, what is called, the technique of 'liability management". This technique of raising credit and undertaking financial intermediation Is not confined to banks and financial institutions. It is now be- ins employed effectively and more generally by all institutions. The more central bankers are determined to control credit, the greater the diversion of financial intermediation from financial to non-financial intermediaries and from the controllable regions to non-controllable regions. What is .significant from the point of view of the inflation psychology now is not the actual stock of money but the actual and the potential process and facility for the creation of money and near-money.

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