ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Abhishek SinghSubscribe to Abhishek Singh

Exclusion within the Excluded

An investigation into the trends in economic disparities within the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes for the past three decades (1983-2012) shows that the economic disparity ratio has increased substantially for both SCs and STs. The increase is much more in the case of the SCs. The economic inequality (Gini coefficient) has increased for both SCs and STs in urban India. In rural areas, it has increased for the SCs but has remained almost the same for the STs. In the post-economic reforms period (1993-2012), there is an unambiguous increase in inequality among both SCs and STs, and in the interstate inequality within the SCs and STs, for both rural and urban areas.

Has Child Mortality in India Really Increased in the Last Two Decades?

The trend in mortality from the Sample Registration System data shows a slowdown in improvements, particularly since the mid-1990s. According to official life tables constructed by the Registrar General, there is a stagnating trend in infant mortality and an increasing trend in female child mortality for India. The ratio of child mortality rates to infant mortality rates obtained from the official life tables for the recent period does not follow any of the model life table patterns, which raises questions about the reliability of these rates. Using age-specific death rates from the srs, new life tables constructed for the most recent period show lower levels of child mortality rates compared to those provided by the srs.
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