ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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From Self Sufficiency to Surplus Role of Banks

From Self Sufficiency to Surplus: Role of Banks Ghulam Ghouse FROM a defensive strategy for Increasing agricultural production we have moved away to something which is more positive and more offensive. In this achievement the efforts of the agricultural technicians, both in the re- search and operational fields, extension agencies of the government, govern- ment development departments and institutional agencies, co-operative and commercial, have been outstanding. The object of this note is to review the role of the nationalised and other commercial banks in schemes of agricultural development and to suggest some guidelines that may perhaps be followed by these institutions to help their borrowers achieve a higher growth rate while simultaneously also creating additional employment potential.

Area and Yield Variability in Parabhani District

Area and Yield Variability in Parabhani District D K Sohoni IRRIGATION facilities arc very meagre in Parabhani district of Maharashtra. The area under irrigation forms only 1.4 per cent of the net sown area. Cotton, jowar, wheat and groundnut are the main crops but rice and bajra are also grown. Agricultural production is, therefore, entirely exposed to the uncertainties of nature. Average annual rainfall is 821 mm (or about 32 inches). Of this total annual precipitation, about 84 per cent occurs during the months of June, July, August and September, and there are considerable variations in the distribution of rainfall even within this period.

Hybrid Maize in Karimnagar

Hybrid Maize in Karimnagar P V Krishna THE object of this inquiry is to find out the reason for variation in the degree of adoption of an improved practice between different villages within a more or less homogeneous area. Karimnagar district in Andhra Pradesh ranks high in the adoption of hybrid maize. Within this district, Karimnagar block is prominent. Though extension of hybrid maize has been done since 1954, the cultivators realised the importance and profitability of this crop only after 1957.

Landless Labour and Green Revolution

April 5, 1969 State Seats Expected Contested to Win Uttar Pradesh 70 30 Bihar 45 15 Punjab 5 2 or 3 West Bengal 4 2 Republican party predicted that Congress could not capture more than 198 seats in UP, the same number it won in the 1967 general election. Reviewing its own position it clarified that although it was contesting 200 seats in 40 districts of Uttar Pradesh, it hoped to do well only in 10 districts of Agra and Meerut divisions.

Economics of Sugarcane Farming

that taxation should be carried to that limit where not even a penny remains with the tax payers. In other words, it connotes the total national dividend because this is the limit of what can be collected by the State." All these definitions of the concept of taxable capacity given by Shirras are unacceptable on both analytical and operational grounds.

Consumer Preference in Wheat

Consumer Preference in Wheat HIGH-YIELDING Mexican dwarf varieties of wheat, popularly known as Sonora and Lerma Rojo are being produced because of their higher net return as compared with local varieties. The new varieties, however, suffer from some initial handicaps like unattractive colour, small size of grain, lack of taste and prejudice against its foreign origin. As such this grain lacks consumers' preference. Consequently, they fetch a lower market price as compared with the local varieties. If the price differentials widen it is quite possible that the high-yielding varieties programme might suffer a setback.

Farmers Attitude toward Use of Credit

tical nationality, a race, a sex, or a religion. They are not even property which can be "owned" exclusively by anyone. They are universal inheritances. Anybody can learn any language if he has the need and the facility, English is also an "Indian" language since it is the mother-tongue of some "Indian" nationals, including the Anglo-Indians, a minority recognised in the Indian Constitution. As Chief Justice of the Bombay High Court, M C Chagla, in his famous judgment in 1964, affirmed that English was an "Indian" language and the "more important Indian language". The Bombay government, which went in appeal to the Supreme Court, did not challenge that affirmation. In consequence, the highest judicial affirmation to date is that English is an "Indian" language.

Is the New Strategy a Success

Is the New Strategy a Success ? C V H Rao HOW far has the new strategy for increasing agricultural production sue- ceeded? The strategy comprises systematic encouragement of the use of high-yielding varieties of rice and other seeds and extension of the areas under them, concentration on intensive district agricultural development programme or the package approach, development of minor irrigation in areas out of the range of major irrigation projects, introduction of multiple cropping and measures of soil conservation.

Parties Necessary for Panchayati Raj

SHORTLY after its inception in 1952! it was realised that active public participation was necessary for the success of the community project movement, later recast into national extension and development blocks. Even after local representatives were associated in an advisory capacity, it was found that local initiative was still not aroused and institutions that would ensure continuous improvement of social and economic conditions in rural areas were still lacking. The Balwantray Mehta Committee examined the working of the movement and recommended a three-tier Panchayati Raj and reorganisation of district administration. Since the adoption of the Panchayati Raj resolution by AICC at its Bhavnagar session in 1961 most States have introduced Panchayati Raj.

Slow Progress of Procurement in Andhra

Slow Progress of Procurement in Andhra C V H Rao THE food policy for 1967-68 provides for a total procurement of 8 million tonnes. Of this, the Andhra Government has accepted responsibility for I million tonnes of rice

Growing Industrial Crops under Contract

Growing Industrial Crops under Contract A D Karve THE bulk of our agricultural goods is produced in a haphazard manner, which results in chaotic conditions in the market. Cotton, for instance, fetched high prices in 1966. Because of this, cotton acreage was increased significantly in the Nira Canal area in Western Maharashtra followed soon by a steep decline in prices. This year sugarcane is selling at an exorbitant price and there are indications of likely overproduction next year which would lead to a price decline.

A Word of Warning on Hybrids

A Word of Warning on Hybrids B V Nimbkar THE much talked about high-yielding varieties programme is now a reality. With the advent of the hybrids of jowar, bajra and maize and the new high-yielding varieties of wheat and paddy, a major breakthrough towards self-sufficiency in food has been achieved. We have also begun to realise that good seed of a good variety is not enough by itself but must be accompanied by pest control, land levelling, proper irrigation and drainage and the use of fertilisers in order to realise its full yield potential.

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