ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Insights on Overweight and Obesity

India is in the midst of an epidemiological transition, whereby poverty-linked infectious, maternal and nutritional diseases exist in conjunction with non-communicable chronic illnesses. This transition is driven by rapid economic development within which people eat, move, work, and live differently than before. This analysis of the third and fourth rounds of the National Family Health Survey demonstrates that non-communicable diseases, and their risk factors are undergoing a reversal of the social gradient and are moving down the socio-economic ladder into lower-income populations.

Geographical Epistemology and the Question of Space

Epistemological issues related to space, which form the core of disciplinary enquiry in geography, remain unresolved. In classical Marxian meta-theory, “space” is not assigned any meaningful role, but is treated as noise or a complicating factor. Many neo-Marxist and cultural geographers have also adopted an ambivalent stance towards the primacy of space in social theory. As such, the lack of a meta-theory, ineffective integration of theories from other social science disciplines, and an inadequate conception of “space” have resulted in the increased marginalisation of geography and geographers in the social sciences.

Suicide or Domestic Violence?

The vulnerability of women from affluent background to domestic violence is examined by critically analysing the act of “suicide” of Bollywood actors. It argues for the adoption of a sociolegal perspective, where an act of suicide in an intimate relationship must be examined in the broader context of the social order by drawing on perspectives of domestic violence literature and the language of the Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act, 2005. This approach is critical to recognising that victims of domestic violence exist in all strata of society and that the act of suicide is the culmination of a process of enduring violence in intimate relationships encompassing multiple forms of victimisation.

Antibiotic Treatments for Short-term Morbidity in India

The proportion of patients receiving antibiotic treatment for short-term morbidity in India is estimated using nationally representative survey data, the Indian Human Development Survey conducted in 2011–12. It is found that antibiotic usage varies across different parameters: the types of symptoms, the primary source providing medical advice/ treatment, number of days the patient was ill, age group of the patient, and the month in which the survey was conducted.

Low Levels of Electoral Participation in Metropolitan Cities

In successive elections, electoral participation in India’s big, metropolitan cities has been lower vis-à-vis semi-urban and rural constituencies. In the absence of any empirical evidence, this phenomenon is often attributed by the media and political commentators to middle-class apathy and their disdain towards electoral politics. This article contests the popular claim and argues that in big cities, it is not the middle class but the urban poor who are unable to exercise their franchise.

Contextualising Five Decades of Naxalbari

Even after five decades of the inception of the Naxalite (Maoist) movement, and after the various central and state governments’ attempts at curbing it, the movement has remained relevant and active mainly due to the deepening and widening socio-economic disparities, deprivation and exclusion of tribal people who have always been seen as a dispensable population.

Income Mobility among Social Groups

Looking at income mobility across different social groups in India using the India Human Development Survey data from 2004–05 and 2011–12, different notions of mobility are calculated. Average mobility across quintiles is seen to be higher among backward castes. Higher inter-temporal mobility among households belonging to Scheduled Castes and Other Backward Classes is noticed, while positional movement is similar across different social groups. Per capita absolute income changes are seen to be the highest for forward castes, while per capita directional income changes were highestfor sc households.

Economic Determinants of the Maoist Conflict in India

India’s Maoist movement is often thought to be rooted in economic deprivation. A review of the emerging literature and descriptive evidence from a district-level data set on Maoist conflict indicates that the relationship between underdevelopment andMaoist activity cannot be explained in simple economic terms. At the state level, Maoistconflict-affected states have similar growth trends and do not score lower on development measures. In a cross section of districts, the most robust predictor of Maoist activity is forest cover, which could reflect the importance of strategic terrain factors as well as the relevance of forest rights and forest produce.

Silenced and Marginalised

An attempt has been made to demonstrate the linkages between the socio-economic-cultural marginalisation of children and their educational marginalisation. This is achieved through a thick description of the living and working conditions of the children, and the interplay between the factory, residence, school, market, family and other support systems, in order to gauge the social reality of these children.

Involuntary Exclusion and the Formal Financial Sector

Financial inclusion is a policy priority in India, with the focus on the supply-side of the financial inclusion drive and programmes such as the Pradhan Mantri Jan-Dhan Yojana. Insufficient attention, however, has been paid to the use of banking services by people at the bottom of the pyramid in order to understand what constrains them from using the formal financial services on offer. This study looks at the causes of involuntary exclusion from formal financial services in the slums of Delhi.

Mega-projects and the Erosion of Human Security

The Brahmaputra Cracker and Polymer Limited petrochemical complex was an outcome of the Assam Accord and was aimed at promoting the socio-economic development of Assam. This study reveals that the project has degraded the environment and common property resources of 10 villages surrounding the plant, and adversely affected the health, food security, livelihoods and cultural life of villagers.

Women in MGNREGS in Telangana and Andhra Pradesh

Based on secondary data from the National Sample Survey Office and a household-level survey of four villages in Andhra Pradesh and Telangana, the study found that the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme has a number of direct and indirect benefits. Overall, it was found that, in both rural Andhra Pradesh and Telangana, women’s participation in the MGNREGS has been encouraging and beneficial.

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