A A A
Change Text Size

Learning Levels and Gaps in Pakistan

A Comparison with Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh

BibtexBibtexEndnoteEndnoteRISRISGoogle ScholarGoogle ScholarPrintPrintEmailEmail

This paper reports on student achievement in public and private primary schools in rural Pakistan and compares the findings with those rom Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh. In Pakistan, absolute learning is low and the largest gaps are between good and bad government schools. The gap between children with literate and illiterate mothers is huge. Tested at the end of Grade 3, a bare majority of children have mastered the K-1 mathematics curriculum and only 31% can correctly form a sentence with the word "school" in Urdu. The gap in English test-scores between government and private schools is 12 times the gap between children from rich and poor families. Data from Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh suggest similar levels of learning and educational gaps.

Subscribers please login to access full text of the article.

Subscribe Now !

Get instant access to the complete EPW archives

New 3-Month Subscription to Digital Archives at just Rs 350 for India and $15 for overseas users.

  Subscribe  

Comments

EPW looks forward to your comments. Please note that comments are moderated as per our comments policy. They may take some time to appear. comment, if suitable, may be selected for publication in the Letters pages of EPW.