ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Economic Survey 2014-15

The Economic Survey is an important economic document published every year by the Ministry of Finance. This article undertakes a critical assessment of the vision of economic growth embedded in the Economic Survey 2014–15. It is argued that the current vision of economic growth is largely supply-side in nature and that policymakers need to take cognisance of the demand-side constraints in India through the framework of demand-led growth theory—a non-mainstream approach to understanding economic growth.

World of the Third

Recent analyses of the discursive exclusion of the "world of the third" from the development discourse are theoretically acute and provoke one to rethink postcoloniality. These constitute the rich literature on India's postcolonial experience and can be traced from Subaltern Studies, which adopted a distinctly structural approach. The recent interventions adopt a modifi ed Lacanian frame where the theoretical focus is on foreclosure and foregrounding. The substantive contention is that major population segments of the now poor countries have been dislocated physically through and discursively in the course of modernisation and globalisation. Development theory has tried to include the dislocated through its inclusive development programmes. The included "Third World" is however a denigrated representation of the actual. Its emancipation can come through alternately imagining itself.

Circuits of Authenticity

Mumbai has the highest density of Parsis, who established some of the city's earliest restaurants and catering businesses. Parsi food has a prominent place in the cultural landscape of the city, and travel guides and reviews insist "authentic" Parsi cuisine is a part of the "Bombay experience." In a time of declining numbers and cultural changes brought about by globalisation, today's Parsi cuisine enables the construction and imagination of a Parsi identity where authenticity is redefi ned over time through circuits of different culinary endeavours.

Gandhi and the Debate about Civilisation

For Gandhi, the national question was much more than a struggle between two culturally-defined civilisations. For him, getting rid of colonial rule was part of a larger project to replace and resist modern civilisation. This article situates Gandhi's endeavour against the backdrop of the romantic vision of India's past, envisaged by the Orientalists, and the disparaging perspective of the Utilitarians and the evangelists.

Lessons from Ranthambhore's Ustad

The polarising debate around a nine-year-old tiger who killed a forest guard in Ranthambhore National Park, and was eventually relocated, will serve little to address complex problems of conservation. This article focuses on the scientifi c and societal considerations of wildlife conservation--the forest guards as well as the communities living inside and around wildlife habitats.

Land Acquisition Act and the Ordinance

This note tries to capture what has been attempted in the Land Acquisition Act, 2013 and the ordinance to amend it that has been hitherto promulgated thrice. It discusses in detail the provisions on public purpose, social impact assessment, compensation, and rehabilitation and resettlement.

Tamil Nadus Electronics Industry

India's information technology hardware segment is heavily dependent on imports of components and finished goods. After surveying Tamil Nadu's hardware electronics sector, this article argues that the stagnation of the electronics hardware sectors stems from a failure to create backward linkages, a liberal import regime and a foreign direct investment policy that has focused on employment generation instead of capability building. The study highlights the import-intensive nature of the industry, identifies skill gaps and infrastructural constraints faced especially by medium- and small-scale manufacturers.

Redressing Teachers' Grievances

The process of redressing grievances of public sector employees has received little systematic attention, despite the large volume of such litigation. This article attempts to address this gap through an analysis of the role courts play in redressing grievances of teachers in government and government-aided schools. The possibility of alternative grievance redressal forums that could serve as more effi cient and accessible alternatives to high courts is also explored.

After the Dividend

As in any other society, in India too, the economic security of the aged is based on three main sources: their own income and savings, support from the extended family, particularly children, and support from the state. As India moves rapidly towards a demographic future in which the elderly form a large part of the population, this article examines trends in each of the three supports. While doing so it identifies the policy challenges and lists suggestions to deal with them.

National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme

The Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme--despite its failings and dismissals by prominent economists as a "dole"--is in consonance with the idea of sustainable development whose important cardinal components are economic, social and environmental sustainability.

Mystery of Private Corporate Sector Saving

In the revised series of National Accounts (base year 2011-12), the sectoral coverage of the private corporate sector has been widened to include quasi-corporations, while the Central Statistics Office has begun compiling an estimate of the private corporate sector using the Ministry of Corporate Affairs' MCA-21 database. This is a radical departure from the practice followed so far, and the MCA-21 database and the other sources of data as also the methodological details are examined here to suggest improvements for refining the estimates.

When Technology Trumps Labour

The capacity of trade unions to bargain or challenge technological change in the workplace has been a crucial aspect of the debate around machine-worker dialectics, which is a neglected area of research in India. Studying bank unions' struggles over technological choice and their implications on work routines, this note seeks to revise the otherwise optimistic narrative about Indian trade unions and their relationship with technology.

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