ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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'Demerger' and Statehood

The Darjeeling Hills and surrounding areas were merged with West Bengal in 1954. This article argues that the formation of Telangana opens the door for accepting the century-old demand of the Indian Gorkhas for a separate homeland. It also argues against the use of the term separatism to describe the demand of the Indian Gorkhas and instead suggest the terms "merger" and "demerger." Darjeeling, whose merger with West Bengal was, at best, a post-independence administrative exigency, could now be demerged, much like Telangana from Andhra Pradesh.

Caste among the Indian Diaspora in Africa

Caste consciousness is common among the Indian diaspora worldwide, so is the practice of the caste system. This article looks at the Indian diaspora in Africa and tries to understand how Indians of various castes responded to life there. It argues that caste has changed form in the new social and geographical context but it has not been eliminated. A majority of the Indian diaspora in Africa still looks to marry within caste and endorses caste identities. This article also touches upon Gandhi's role in organising Indians in South Africa and tries to interrogate his understanding of the caste scenario there.

Curricular Images of Scientists

Preconceived notions of scientists lead students to picture them as "different" kinds of people and view science itself as an "exclusive" practice. These images, and the students' ability or inability to identify with them, influence students' involvement with science. The role of the school curriculum and curricular material needs to be examined to understand how our curricular materials, especially textbooks, respond to these stereotypes. This article examines the standard textbooks for Classes IX and X to understand if they reinforce or counter the stereotypical images of scientists.

Understanding Issues Involved in Toilet Access for Women

While insufficient sanitation facilities often get represented in statistics and are reported in the literature on urban infrastructure planning and contested urban spaces, what is often left out is the everyday practice and experience of going to dysfunctional toilets, particularly by women. By analysing the practices and problems associated with toilet use from a phenomenological perspective, this article aims to situate the issue in the everyday lives of women.

J F Duff and the University Education Commission of India, 1948-49

It has been a difficult period for university education in India, with the controversy around the four-year undergraduate programme joining the old complaints about lack of autonomy, political interference, financial ill-health, and deteriorating standards of academics and administration. In these times, the thoughts of one who was present at the conception of independent India's university structure and contributed to its making are a fascinating window into the state of affairs 65 years ago.

Economic Survey 2014-15

The Economic Survey is an important economic document published every year by the Ministry of Finance. This article undertakes a critical assessment of the vision of economic growth embedded in the Economic Survey 2014–15. It is argued that the current vision of economic growth is largely supply-side in nature and that policymakers need to take cognisance of the demand-side constraints in India through the framework of demand-led growth theory—a non-mainstream approach to understanding economic growth.

World of the Third

Recent analyses of the discursive exclusion of the "world of the third" from the development discourse are theoretically acute and provoke one to rethink postcoloniality. These constitute the rich literature on India's postcolonial experience and can be traced from Subaltern Studies, which adopted a distinctly structural approach. The recent interventions adopt a modifi ed Lacanian frame where the theoretical focus is on foreclosure and foregrounding. The substantive contention is that major population segments of the now poor countries have been dislocated physically through and discursively in the course of modernisation and globalisation. Development theory has tried to include the dislocated through its inclusive development programmes. The included "Third World" is however a denigrated representation of the actual. Its emancipation can come through alternately imagining itself.

Circuits of Authenticity

Mumbai has the highest density of Parsis, who established some of the city's earliest restaurants and catering businesses. Parsi food has a prominent place in the cultural landscape of the city, and travel guides and reviews insist "authentic" Parsi cuisine is a part of the "Bombay experience." In a time of declining numbers and cultural changes brought about by globalisation, today's Parsi cuisine enables the construction and imagination of a Parsi identity where authenticity is redefi ned over time through circuits of different culinary endeavours.

Gandhi and the Debate about Civilisation

For Gandhi, the national question was much more than a struggle between two culturally-defined civilisations. For him, getting rid of colonial rule was part of a larger project to replace and resist modern civilisation. This article situates Gandhi's endeavour against the backdrop of the romantic vision of India's past, envisaged by the Orientalists, and the disparaging perspective of the Utilitarians and the evangelists.

Lessons from Ranthambhore's Ustad

The polarising debate around a nine-year-old tiger who killed a forest guard in Ranthambhore National Park, and was eventually relocated, will serve little to address complex problems of conservation. This article focuses on the scientifi c and societal considerations of wildlife conservation--the forest guards as well as the communities living inside and around wildlife habitats.

Land Acquisition Act and the Ordinance

This note tries to capture what has been attempted in the Land Acquisition Act, 2013 and the ordinance to amend it that has been hitherto promulgated thrice. It discusses in detail the provisions on public purpose, social impact assessment, compensation, and rehabilitation and resettlement.

Tamil Nadus Electronics Industry

India's information technology hardware segment is heavily dependent on imports of components and finished goods. After surveying Tamil Nadu's hardware electronics sector, this article argues that the stagnation of the electronics hardware sectors stems from a failure to create backward linkages, a liberal import regime and a foreign direct investment policy that has focused on employment generation instead of capability building. The study highlights the import-intensive nature of the industry, identifies skill gaps and infrastructural constraints faced especially by medium- and small-scale manufacturers.

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