ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Muslim Women's Views on Muslim Personal Law

A survey of Muslim women and their views on Muslim personal law reveals that the women feel the rights enshrined in the Quran have not reached them; an overwhelming number of the women want personal law to be reformed. As it exists today, Muslim family law is piecemeal and disjointed and neither the community nor the government has tried to make it comprehensive.

A Note on the Elementary Macroeconomics of Austerity

When austerity as a means for dealing with a recession is counterproductive, why is it recommended to deal with a defi ciency in aggregate demand? Or can it be justifi ed as a way to reduce the current account defi cit by lowering domestic absorption? A critical analysis of the macroeconomics underlying austerity policies.

Does Computerisation Reduce PDS Leakage?

The idea that end-to-end computerisation can reduce public distribution system leakage has been theorised, but not yet examined in practice. This note tries to fill the gap by conducting a case study of the information technology system for PDS in Karnataka, which includes back-end software as well as a front-end interface. It reveals three drawbacks: machines can be tampered, there is limited monitoring of the early stages of the supply chain, and policy shifts cannot be achieved by technology alone. It concludes by drawing lessons for other states computerising their PDS.

Changing One's Mind?

How do people reassess their beliefs in the light of new information? Do people follow the Bayesian rule of utility maximisation? Or are there other aspects that people take into account when updating their beliefs? In order to better understand this process, experiments were conducted amongst rural women in Uttar Pradesh. The results and questions this study throws up are discussed here.

China's One Belt One Road

The One Belt One Road initiative is the centrepiece of China's foreign policy and domestic economic strategy. It aims to rejuvenate ancient trade routes--Silk Routes--which will open up markets within and beyond the region. India has so far been suspicious of the strategic implications of this initiative. If India sheds its inhibitions and participates actively in its implementation, it stands to gain substantially in terms of trade.

Promoting Clean and Affordable Cooking

The health effects of cooking with biomass and coal are now well-recognised. Although more people use LPG, the number of those using biomass and coal has remained static for nearly 30 years. While LPG subsidies have played an important role in expanding access to this cooking fuel, directing the subsidies to the poorest and the most vulnerable remains a fraught matter. This article proposes that consumers opt in for the subsidy by self-certifying that their household income is less than an amount set by the government, instead of the opt-out approach followed today.

From Opposition to Acquiescence

The debut of Nagaland People's Front in the 2015 district council elections in Manipur with the tacit support of the National Socialist Council of Nagalim (Isak-Muivah) and United Naga Council marks a change in Naga politics--a change from politics of opposition to politics of acquiescence. These elections also underscore a new pattern of localisation of politics, where localised ethnic agenda and armed groups have infl uenced the distribution of tickets and electoral outcomes. It is contended that this prevailing trend may redefi ne the electoral politics in the state and open up new sites of confl ict in Manipur not only between the hills and valley people but also between hill communities.

Culture, Gender Bias and Beliefs Surrounding the 'Nakusa' Girls of Maharashtra

In rural Maharashtra, many parents have named their daughters "Nakusa/Nakoshi." In Marathi that means "unwanted." The parents hope the next child will be a boy. Most of these girls are the third or fourth daughters of their parents and their names have caused them socio-psychological problems. A study of such families in the villages of Satara District forms the basis of this article.

Revealed Comparative Advantage and Decomposition of Export Growth

Using the revealed comparative index and the method of constant market share analysis, this article attempts to identify the relative advantage/disadvantage of select rubber products exported from India and decompose the contributory factors behind export growth of these products.

Families of Murder Victims

This article examines the psychological conditions of the surviving family members of murder victims in India and points out the inadequacies in the formulated and reactionary responses of the state and community. These responses are often exclusively focused on harsh punishments for offenders while failing to consider the circumstances faced by the family members of the murdered. These secondary victims are in need of a holistic response from the state and society.

Services Growth in India

Macroeconomic data shows a lack of improvement in the incremental capital-output ratio along with diminishing total factor productivity in India's services sector--surely a warning. If far-reaching measures are not taken, India may soon be unable to compete in the global market in this area.

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