ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Ancient Risks, Current Challenges in the Himalayas

In the face of climate change, disaster risk management must drive development and not vice versa. Seismic tremors, surface slippage of fragile sedimentary soils generating landslides, monsoon weather and cyclonic storms producing massive run-off are all relatively well understood, inherent to the Himalayan region, and by and large predictable. Yet governments, communities and international agencies repeatedly appear to have been "taken by surprise" when each of these occurs. What needs to be understood is that systems of mitigation and response are at the very foundation of economic development, built into the understanding of disasters.

Personal Names in Pakistan

The choice of personal names of Pakistani Muslims is discussed along three parameters--beliefs about names, naming practices, and the influence of Islam on both--while the religious orientation of society is manifested by the people's desire to choose names from Arabic and Persian. These names do not necessarily conform to strict Islamic norms. Such names, as well as names based on natural objects and phenomena, still remain in vogue, especially in the rural areas. The most widely held belief is that names have an effect upon personality or that they can be inauspicious.

Reservation amidst the Din of 'Development'

It is important to clarify that the rationale behind instituting reservation in jobs and educational institutions was not to eliminate economic inequality but to dismantle the monopoly of a few castes in government services and educational institutions and to create equal opportunities for the backward classes in an otherwise unequal society.

India's Recent Growth

Comparing across 42 countries, it is argued that India's gross domestic product growth rate, which is the highest in the world, does not appear to reflect in other key indicators of the economy, where the country fares relatively poorly.

Chant of the Masked People

A close and analytical look at the events of 9 February 2016 at the Jawaharlal Nehru University campus, and the next day at the Press Club of India, alongside the motivations of those in power, throws light on machinations to manage the news and emotional reactions to it.

Multiplier Effect of Self-help Groups

This article measures financial inclusion performance on three dimensions--branch penetration, credit penetration and deposit penetration and in the process of quantifying the contribution of self-help groups towards macro-level financial inclusion dimensions, reveals the multiplier effect of SHGs. Since it enables all group members to access savings, credit and other financial services from bank, efforts to promote financial inclusion through SHGs should continue.

Greece Crisis and European Integration

The Greece crisis sparked a new debate on the European Union and also on regional integration. There are several established theories and approaches on how to study the RI process, but these have not provided satisfactory answers to the Greece crisis. Taking this crisis as a case study, we have to develop a critical approach to the study of RI. Until and unless we do so, we will only continue to focus our attention on certain groups and thereby keep ignoring the interests of common people.

Alliance of State and Ruling Classes in Contemporary Pakistan

This article explores how the elite or ruling classes construct and maintain their position of privilege and power in Pakistan’s unstable political and economic environment. 

Political Economy of US-Pakistan Relations

Hamza Alavi, in this journal, offered the most pronounced presentation of US-Pakistan relations in terms of a patron-client model. In an attempt to further the understanding, it is noted that Alavi discounted the role of the internal political economy of Pakistan. The canonical patron-client formulation is scrutinised to reformulate the role of Pakistan as an "estranged client." The attempt is to internalise the interplay of the geostrategic and political-economy interests of the Pakistani military in US-Pakistan relations.

Data for Research into Health Inequality in India

India has a long history of collecting data on population and health, but it is neither integrated nor systematic, especially in small geographical areas. The National Population Register should be completed, completeness of the coverage of the Civil Registration System should be ensured, and their linkage should be established with census and other household surveys in India to document health disparities by class, caste, and region.

Muslim Girls in Urdu Medium Schools of Maharashtra

A revolution is underway in the Muslim community with regard to girls' education. A larger number of Muslim girls is now enrolled in schools, than boys. However, education in Urdu medium, which is weakly linked with the state and market, signifi cantly affects aspirations among the girls. A substantial proportion of students from this community is found with "not clear or no aspirations." This may further compromise the socio-economic prospect of the community which is already at the margins.

Farmer Suicides in India

In an effort to understand the trends of farmer suicides, this article uses data from the National Crime Records Bureau to estimate the suicide mortality rate of farmers and non-farmers for India and its states. The methodology used corrects for an error present in previous studies and alters some commonly held views about the level and trend of farmer suicides in India.


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