ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Mega-projects and the Erosion of Human Security

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The Brahmaputra Cracker and Polymer Limited petrochemical complex was an outcome of the Assam Accord and was aimed at promoting the socio-economic development of Assam. This study reveals that the project has degraded the environment and common property resources of 10 villages surrounding the plant, and adversely affected the health, food security, livelihoods and cultural life of villagers.

Women in MGNREGS in Telangana and Andhra Pradesh

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Based on secondary data from the National Sample Survey Office and a household-level survey of four villages in Andhra Pradesh and Telangana, the study found that the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme has a number of direct and indirect benefits. Overall, it was found that, in both rural Andhra Pradesh and Telangana, women’s participation in the MGNREGS has been encouraging and beneficial.

Creating Long Panels Using Census Data (1961–2001)

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Official data in India are mostly published at the state or district level. Multi-year analyses of these data are made difficult by the many changes in state and district boundaries that have occurred since the first comprehensive census of independent India in 1961. Between 1961 and 2001, the number of states and union territories in India increased from 26 to 35, and the number of districts increased from 339 to 593. There were several changes in both names and boundaries. We document these changes and use them to construct regions of amalgamated districts with constant boundaries.

Revival of Public Distribution System in Kerala

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Kerala has achieved signifi cant milestones in the reform of the public distribution system through the implementation of the e-PDS project and the model pilot scheme of computerised ration shops. This case study of the new reforms provides insights on the effectiveness of the PDS and challenges ahead to facilitate direct cash transfer of the food subsidy notifi ed under the National Food Security Act, 2013.

Will GST Exacerbate Regional Divergence?

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This article analyses the extent of regional disparities in income per capita in India, considering both disparities amongst and within major states. For within-state inequality, this article is the first to use a “nightlights” luminosity data set as a proxy for gross domestic product per capita, whereas the choice of a crisper data set, comprising the 12 largest states, yields sharper results than in previous literature. It concludes with a cautionary note on the goods and services tax, which, contrary to the optimists, is likely to further exacerbate, rather than ameliorate, regional income disparities, marking the need for a turn to “place-based” economic policies.

Negotiating the ‘Social’ in Elementary School Social Science

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The rationale behind and lack of debate on the trifurcation of the social science textbooks published by the National Council of Educational Research and Training into history, geography, and social and political life is questioned, while an alternative is posed. The uncritical celebration of the nation-state, which is partof the nationalist identity-building project, is unpacked here.

Drinking Water, Sanitation and Waterborne Diseases

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Using mainly primary level data from Lucknow and Kanpur districts of Uttar Pradesh, the study focuses on assessing determinants of drinking water, its impact on waterborne diseases, purification behaviour and improved sanitation facility. The findings reveal that sources of drinking water, income, family size, education, occupation and caste are the main determinants of purification behaviour and waterborne diseases.

National Family Health Survey-4 (2015–16)

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The fourth round of National Family Health Survey (2015–16) is discussed with a brief exposition of the trends in household environment and sanitation, fertility, child health and child mortality, nutrition, health, and status of women between 2005–06 (NFHS-3) and 2015–16 (NFHS-4).

Livelihood Security of Home-based Beedi-rolling Workers in Uttar Pradesh

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The livelihood security of households is a function of visible quantitative and invisible qualitative indicators, broadly based on private and public resources and institutional support. A survey of home-based women beedi-rolling workers (rural and urban) in Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh indicated that they live on the margin of society and function at the bottom of the economy. This article advocates active state intervention to empower workers to assert their rights to ensure secure livelihoods.

Business of Teacher Education in Haryana

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It seems that the National Council for Teacher Education has failed to maintain the required standards of teacher education after promoting self-financed teacher-education institutions to meet the demand for and supply of teachers at primary, upper primary and secondary levels. A study conducted in Haryana shows how such institutions are a threat to the entire education system. Haryana has become a hub for getting degrees without attending classes in the privately-managed teacher-education colleges. The study also reviews various issues such as violation of rules and regulations, corruption, non-existing resources, poor teaching–learning process, etc.

Does ‘He’ Include ‘She’?

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Section 64 of the Code of Criminal Procedure 1973 which deals with the serving of summons when the person concernced cannot be found, speaks of leaving the summons with “some adult male member of his family residing with him.” This provision is violative of Articles 14, 15 and 21 of the Constitution and the word “male” being unconstitutional, deserves to be struck down.

An Unequal Process of Urbanisation

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Urbanisation in India has reportedly accelerated over the last decade, with a sharp rise in the number of towns and peri-urban areas. Cities, on the other hand, are believed to have become “exclusionary,” with in-migration remaining stagnant. This study uses primary census data since 1991 to question the hypothesis of exclusionary cities and argues that the larger towns and cities have grown uninterrupted, whereas smaller- and medium-sized towns have been slow to graduate to higher size classes.

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