ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846
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Identity Equations and Electoral Politics

Investigating Political Economy of Land, Employment and Education

Prashant K Trivedi ( and Surinder Kumar ( are with the Giri Institute of Development Studies, Lucknow. Srinivas Goli ( is with the Centre for the Study of Regional Development, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi. Fahimuddin ( was a former professor at the GIDS.

The changes in landownership pattern, educational mobility, and occupational diversification among socio-religious groups in Uttar Pradesh provide crucial insights into the contemporary nature of political mobilisation in UP. Based on a survey of over 7,000 households, representing all socio-religious groups in 14 districts of the state, the article assesses these changes and points to the disparities between the various groups and, more importantly, to the intra-group inequalities that exist within each group. To effectively mobilise support, political parties will have to look beyond the numbers and recognise the acute differences existing within castes.

The authors owe a special intellectual debt to Ravi Srivastava for his comments on previous drafts of this article. Tausif Alam’s support in data collection is thankfully acknowledged. This study was supported by ICSSR, New Delhi.


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