ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846
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Caste Discrimination and Agricultural Performance in India

Shankar Rao ( is with the Council for Social
Development (Southern Regional Centre), Hyderabad.

Using data from the Situation Assessment Survey of Agricultural Households, this paper attempts to understand caste-based discrimination and differences in the performance of Indian agriculture by analysing caste-wise differences in various factors of input and output. The results show that disadvantages originating in caste-based discrimination make socially marginalised groups in agriculture end up with low access to resources, low levels of productivity, and low realisation of returns.

The author is thankful to D Narasimha Reddy, Council for Social Development, Hyderabad, and R Vijay, School of Economics, University of Hyderabad, for their valuable suggestions in developing this paper.


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