ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846
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Political Economy of Independent Regulation in India’s Natural Gas Industry

Sudha Mahalingam (mahalingamsudha@gmail.co) is a PhD scholar at the University of Technology, Sydney and former member of the Petroleum and Natural Gas Regulation Board. Deepak Sharma (deepak. sharma@uts.edu.au) is with the Centre for Energy Policy, Faculty of Engineering and Technology, University of Technology, Sydney..

Based on a case study of India's downstream hydrocarbon regulator, this article argues that the success or failure of independent regulation in industries supplying basic goods and services is determined by the politico-economic context in which the regulator functions. In a developing country with a large number of poor people without access to basic necessities such as water, energy, or roads, independent economic regulation by itself can deliver little, unless backed by a strong political will

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