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Virginius Xaxa

Politics of Language, Religion and Identity: Tribes in India

The initial discourse on tribal identity was shaped by those who advocated integration of tribals as citizens of a nation state and others who sought their assimilation into the Hindu fold. But identity definition for the tribals in the early post-independent years has been largely a process from without. While the state made efforts to draw tribals into the national sphere, other elements, chiefly right wing groups, advocated measures that would restore to the tribals their ancient heritage. It is in more recent times, with the advent of education and the threat posed to tribal ways of living by other dominant groups and demands imposed by development, that tribal identity articulation has been a process directed from within the tribal community, spearheaded by a growing middle class. Such articulation has not merely been in the form of demands for some degree of political autonomy but has also seen initiatives to ensure the protection and development of tribal language, customs and culture.

Verrier Elwin and Tribal Society

articulation the idea of adivasis has nothing to do with the forest or forest settle- Verrier Elwin ment. That explains as to why there is difference in the way identity is articulated by the people themselves and the way in and Tribal Society which they are described and stated by the Against Ecological Romanticism: Verrier Elwin and the Making of an Anti-Modern Tribal Identity

Ethnography of Reservation in Delhi University

In institutions of higher education, three principal social segments are generally identified: students, non-teaching staff and teaching staff. At each of these levels an institution of higher learning is faced with the issue of SC/ST reservation. The response of the institution to each of these levels is far from uniform and unambiguous. An attempt has been made here to discuss these issues in the context of the Delhi University.

Protective Discrimination: WhyScheduled Tribes Lag Behind Scheduled Castes

The pattern of historical development has been different for the scheduled castes and scheduled tribes with the latter never having been an integral part of mainstream society. How effective has been the policy of protective discrimination in removing the disabilities suffered by the scheduled tribes? This paper attempts a comparison between the relative benefits to the scheduled tribes and scheduled castes as a result of the policy of protective discrimination. Following upon this, the author examines why one category has fared better than the other.

Elwin's Tribals

the tribes such as Baigas and Murias, who Elwin