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S R Ramaswamy

Social Costs of Social Forestry

The 'social' and 'forestry' aspects have been neglected and commercial tree farming has been palmed off as 'social forestry'.
'SOCIAL FORESTRY was conceived as a response to the various problems caused by widespread loss of trees and forest- cover. The fact that such a programme had to be formulated was itself a tacit admission of the inadequacy of conventional forestry. The forest departments were given the responsibility for implementing the new programme. Much against the dictates of propriety, what probably weighed heavily in the minds of the international agencies eager to fund the programme was convenience. The 'social forestry programme involved growing of trees beyond the boundaries of the reserve forests wherein only reservation had remained and forests had vanished, despite the forest departments' total control over them and endless claims of 'scientific management'. With such a background, and coupled with the long-standing antagonistic relationship thai the forest departments have developed towards the rural people, it would have been surprising if the programme benefited those target groups.

Social Forestry in Karnataka-An Impact Analysis

Social Forestry in Karnataka An Impact Analysis D M Chandrashekhar B V Krishna Murti S R Ramaswamy Forest-based industries have played a significant role in the destruction of forests. In Karnataka, vast natural forests have almost disappeared to provide fuel and raw material for a number of old and new industries. The Karnataka government has undertaken a systematic programme of reforestation with single-stand eucalyptus plantations in these areas which have been cleared of natural forests.