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Crisis of the 1980s and Changing Agenda of Punjab Studies-A Survey of Some Recent Research

'Crisis' of the 1980s and Changing Agenda of 'Punjab Studies' A Survey of Some Recent Research Surinder S Jodhka Despite it having occupied the front page of Indian newspapers for more than a decade, the movement for an independent state of Khalistan has ended without achieving anything in political terms. However, the 'crisis' of the 1980s has had far-reaching implications, both for the people of Punjab and for the Indian polity at large. At another level, it has led to the institutionalisation of 'Punjab Studies' in the global academy.

Beyond the Economics of Supply and Demand

Beyond the Economics of Supply and Demand Surinder S Jodhka A Political Economy of Agricultural Markets in South India: Masters of the Countryside by Barbara Harriss-White; Sage Publications, New Delhi; pp 425, Rs 395 (cloth).

Interpreting Attached Labour in Contemporary Haryana

Interpreting Attached Labour in Contemporary Haryana Surinder S Jodhka WHILE I am grateful to Tom Brass for noticing my work and for his detailed responses [Brass 1995, 1996] to my papers in EPW [Jodhka 1994, 1995), I am also perturbed at the way he has reacted to my formulations. Not only had I not imagined that my work would unsettle and disturb him in the manner in which it seems to have done, but also I had actually thought I agreed with his position more than I disagreed with it. Instead of concentrating on the conceptual and empirical issues being debated, Brass in his second comment [Brass 1996] resorts to attacking me personally. Apart from sounding dismissive and arrogant, his comment is full of misrepresentations and half-truths. Therefore it calls for a rejoinder.

Unusual Sources, Conventional Questions-A History of Tenancy in South India

A History of Tenancy in South India Surinder S Jodhka Lands and Tenants in South India: A Study of Nellore District 1850-1990 by M Atchi Reddy; Oxford Uniersity Press, New Delhi, 1996; pp 215, Rs 345.

Who Borrows Who Lends-Changing Structure of Informal Credit in Rural Haryana

Much of me Literature on rural credit' in the post-independence period has been centred around the 'development questions' and largely quantitative in nature. Based on a qualitative field study in three villages of a green revolution district of Haryana, this paper attempts to explore the sociology of informal credit with a specific focus on understanding the changing structure of informal credit market and the emerging patterns of debt dependencies in the light of (a) the agrarian transformation experienced with the success of the green revolution; and (b) increasing availability and growing popularity of the institutional sources of credit.

Agrarian Changes, Unfreedom and Attached Labour

Agrarian Changes, Unfreedom and Attached Labour Surinder S Jodhka IN his comment on my paper [Jodhka 1994] Brass (1995) has tried to contest my argument by claiming that not only are there no 'counter- tendencies' leading to a decline in the incidence of attached labour or in the elements of unfreedom in labour relations, but, restating his earlier position, that the trend in Haryana agriculture is an opposite one. Using the mechanism of debt. Brass argues, farmers control and discipline agricultural labour. This leads to 'decomposition/recomposi- tion' or deproletarianisation' of labour. Hence fur Brass, indebted labourers, both permanent as well as casual, are like unfree slaves and the incidence of unfreedom is growing with capitalist development in Maryana agriculture.

Land Reforms and Agrarian Change in Karnataka

Land Reforms and Agrarian Change in Karnataka Surinder S Jodhka IT is rather surprising that despite the large volume of literature available on the successes and failures of land reform legislations from different parts of the country, not many micro level studies have been earned out to understand the consequences that land reforms might have had on the related aspects of village life, such as, agrarian relations, rural power structure, changing caste equations and poverty This can perhaps be attributed to the fact that much of the literature on post-independence developmental programmes has ignored the significance of a historical perspective and the need for understanding various aspects of the changing agrarian structure in relation to one another [Pandey 1994]. It is in this context that C B Damle's book becomes an important contribution to the existing literature on agrarian processes in contemporary India The novelty of Damle's study lies in his ability to combine a historical perspective with a field study of four villages. Damle selected two villages each from a subsistence and commercial setting for his field study in the Dakshina Kannada (DK) district of Karnataka. One village in each setting was known for 'successful' implementation of land reforms and the other was selected from amongst the 'low implementation' villages. This made his research design for the field study doubly comparative.

Bureaucratization, Corruption and Depoliticisation-Changing Profile of Credit Co-operatives in Rural Haryana

and Depoliticisation Changing Profile of Credit Co-operatives in Rural Haryana Surinder S Jodhka Based on a field-study of three villages and three primary agricultural credit societies (PACS) from an agriculturally developed district of Haryana, the article argues that the green revolution technology and the introduction of a new organisational structure in 1976 have brought about significant changes in the working of credit co-operatives. Greater bureaucratisation has led to marginalisation of the elected body in the functioning of the co-operative and has led to the alienation of its members.

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