ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

S Irudaya RajanSubscribe to RSS - S Irudaya Rajan

Nursing Education in India

This article explores the history of nursing education in India, and the state, community and market factors contributing to its recent growth. The quality of training offered in these mushrooming institutions, however, tends to be poor. Regularisation and standardisation remain the greatest challenges for Indian nursing. Graduating nurses face job shortages and poor working conditions, especially in the private sector. Understanding the nursing education sector is important in the aftermath of the central government’s mandate to increase the wages of nurses in private hospitals.

Tamil Nadu Migration Survey 2015

Tamil Nadu is considered a mobile society because its people have a history of migration and a significant diaspora presence in 17 countries across the world. In spite of high mobility being recurrent in Tamil Nadu, there is a lack of comprehensive studies on this theme. The Tamil Nadu Migration Survey 2015 is the first attempt to study the demographic, social, and economic characteristics of migrants, return migrants, outmigrants, and return outmigrants in the state, remittances received, cost of migration, and the problems they face abroad. TMS 2015 is a broad replication of previously conducted Kerala Migration Surveys.

Update on Trends in Sex Ratio at Birth in India

With additional data available at more regular intervals on sex ratio at birth, it is easier to track changes without depending on the decennial censuses. However, the diversity of sources also means differences in trends across sources and regions. A brief analysis of the latest available data is presented to identify the most recent trends and concerns in states that need attention, like north-western and eastern states of India.

Kerala Migration Study 2014

Ever since the Centre for Development Studies started its research on Gulf migration through what has now come to be known as the Kerala Migration Study, emigration from Kerala has been on the increase. The number of emigrants from Kerala according to the KMS 2014 is larger than what was estimated in the 2011 study. Kerala's economy is largely sustained by the emigrants' remittances. This article looks at the impact of migration on Kerala's economy and society.

Coming Back to Normal?

An analysis of data from Censuses 2001 and 2011 shows that despite the increase in overall population sex ratio in this period, the 0-6 sex ratio and 0-1 sex ratio have continued to decline. This suggests that there is no let-up in daughter defi cit. However, one positive factor is that the north-western states which have had a long history of high levels of daughter defi cit have shown an increase in the 0-1 sex ratio. The reasons for this need to be determined. Another positive aspect is that daughter defi cit seems to be lower amongst the younger cohort of currently married women; it will be interesting to see whether this persists as the cohort ages.

Fertility at the District Level in India

This paper describes the methodology for estimating recent fertility levels at the district level in India based on the 2011 Census figures. Due to the absence of reliable vital statistics for Indian districts, fertility levels are assessed using a set of indirect methods. Using mortality estimates and the child population aged 0-6 years to estimate the number of births during the seven years preceding the census, figures for crude birth rates and fertility rates are derived for all Indian districts. The results are compared with those derived from the 2001 Census. Our analysis points, in particular, to the significant population overcount in Jammu and Kashmir during the 2011 Census and the continuous but extremely slow process of fertility decline in India.

Third National Family Health Survey in India: Issues, Problems and Prospects

The three rounds of the National Family Health Survey have generated vast amounts of data, which unfortunately have been subject to only limited critical examination by Indian research scholars, though the opposite is the case with scholars outside India. The nfhs-3, which was conducted in 2005-06, covered many more areas than the previous surveys and collected information in new and sensitive areas like sexual behaviour. However, there are questions about the quality of data thrown up by nfhs-3. Information on some indicators such as fertility and infant mortality remains of reasonably good quality, but the data on nutrition, immunisation, and gender violence is suspect. There have been three of these very large surveys since 1992-93, and it is perhaps time to reflect on the experience so far and plan for the next survey a decade after nfhs-3 which would be five years after the 2011 Census.

P R Gopinathan Nair

P R Gopinathan Nair (affectionately called PRG by his friends and colleagues) passed away on August 6, 2008, at the age of 78. A brilliant student, PRG obtained his PhD in economics from the University of Kerala and began his academic career as a researcher in the Department of Economics,...

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