ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Changes in Rural Economy of India, 1971 to 2012

The transition in the rural economy in the last four decades is examined based on the analysis of growth and composition of output and employment. A reduction in the share of agriculture, and a dominance of non-farm activities in the rural economy is noted from 2004–05 onwards. However, agriculture continues to be the predominant source of employment. Employment in the construction sector increased substantially, but was not large enough to absorb workers leaving agriculture, resulting in a decline in rural employment after 2004–05. A serious imbalance has emerged in output and employment in different sectors in rural areas requiring urgent attention to create jobs in manufacturing, services, and construction. Creation of jobs in rural areas requires a complete rethink of rural industrialisation.

Social Background of Trade Union Leaders

Social Background of Trade Union Leaders Jaspal Singh The object of this paper is to explore some similarities and differences amongst trade union leaders in terms of a set of variables pertaining to their social background' The intention is to ascertain how and why these characteristics promote or hinder occupation of the rote of a leader.

The Indian Institutes of Technology-Do They Contribute to Social Mobility

Do They Contribute to Social Mobility? C Rajagopalan Jaspal Singh The llTs were intended to be a kind of model institution designed to play a leading role in promoting engineering and technological education. This paper presents an analysis of the social background of the First-Year students at one of the Indian Institutes of Technology (IIT), The data presented in this paper were collected through personal interviews, employing a formal interview schedule, of 237 students who represented 86.5 per cent of the total admissions in 1966 in the Indian Institute of Technology under study.
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