ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Does Citizenship Abate Class?

Drawing on data from a large household survey in Bengaluru, this paper explores the quality of urban citizenship. Addressing theories that have tied the depth of democracy to the quality and effectiveness of citizenship, we develop an index of citizenship and then explore the extent to which citizenship determines the quality of services and infrastructure that households enjoy. Findings show that citizenship and access to services in Bengaluru are highly differentiated, that much of what drives these differences has to do with class, but there is clear evidence that the urban poor are somewhat better in terms of the services they receive than they would be without citizenship. Citizenship, in other words, abates the effects of class.

Lloyd and Susanne Rudolph

Reflections on the work of Lloyd and Susanne Rudolph, the political scientists who studied India for more than half a century.

Caste and Entrepreneurship in India

It is now widely accepted that the lower castes have risen in Indian politics. Has there been a corresponding change in the economy? Using comprehensive data on enterprise ownership from the Economic Census of 1990, 1998 and 2005, this paper shows there are substantial caste differences in entrepreneurship across India. The scheduled castes and scheduled tribes are significantly under-represented in the ownership of enterprises and the share of the workforce mployed by them. These differences are widespread across all states,have decreased very modestly between 1990 and 2005, and cannot be attributed to broad differences in access to physical or human capital.

An Electoral Theory of Communal Riots?

 An Electoral Theory of Communal Riots?
Votes and Violence: Electoral Competition and Communal Riots in India by Steven I Wilkinson; Cambridge University Press, New York, 2004; First South Asian Edition, 2005; pp 310, $ 75 (hardcover).

Classes, Like Ethnic Groups, Are Imagined Communities-A Response to Rao

Classes, Like Ethnic Groups, Are Imagined Communities A Response to Rao Ashutosh Varshney THE application of class analysis to India's countryside is in need of an intellectual renewal By repeatedly giving rise to, or participating in, the casteand religion-based movements, rural India has not only continued to flout the core predictions and propositions of the standard class analysis, but more importantly for our purposes, the concept of class has also undergone serious changes in the last decade and a half. The key challenges to the concept of class, as we used to practise it the 1960s and 1970s, have come from the theories of collective action on the one hand and of ethnicity and nationalism on the other.

Political Economy of Slow Industrial Growth in India

September 1,1984 Political Economy of Slow Industrial Growth in India Ashutosh Varshney THIS reports puts together in an organised form the discussion that took place in a conference sponsored by the Social Science Research Council on the 'Political Economy of Slow Industrial Growth in India'. Held at the Center for International Studies, MIT, in October 1983, this two-day long conference brought together economists and political sci- ' entists, both from within the United States and outside, to discuss the problem of slow industrial growth in India, particularly since the mid-sixties. The participants were Isher Ahluwalia (ICRIER, New Delhi), Pranab Bardhan (Berkeley). Richard Eckaus (MIT), Francine Frankel (University of Pennsylvania), Roger Grawe (World Bank), Atul Kohli (Princeton), Robert Lucas (Boston University), Norman Nicolson (USA1D), George Rosen (Illinois), Barney Rubin (Yale), Amartya Sen (Oxford), T N Sriniva- san (Yale), David Szanton (SSRC), Lance Taylor (MIT), Norman Uphoff (Cornell), Ashutosh Varshney (MIT) and Myron Weiner(MIT).

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